Top 15 Types of Engineering Specialisations: Job Role, Salary and Details | WiZR

Top 15 Types of Engineering Specialisations in India

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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Engineering is a fascinating field that offers a wide range of opportunities and specialisations, perfect for individuals who love to solve problems, design innovative solutions, and make a real impact on the world around them. In India, engineering has long been a popular career choice due to the country's robust economy and growing demand for talented engineers.

India's engineering industry is thriving, with a diverse range of specialisations to choose from. In this article, we will explore the top 15 engineering specialisations in India, along with their average salaries and common job roles for each field.


1. Aerospace/Aeronautical Engineering

Aerospace engineering involves designing, testing, and maintaining aircraft and spacecraft. With a strong focus on aerodynamics and materials science, aerospace engineers ensure the safety and efficiency of air travel and space exploration.

Job roles in this field include Aircraft Design Engineer (₹6-10 lakh pa), Flight Test Engineer (₹5-8 lakh pa), and Spacecraft Systems Engineer (₹7-12 lakh pa).

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2. Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineering applies chemistry, physics, and biology principles to develop processes that convert raw materials into valuable products. Chemical engineers work in various industries, such as pharmaceuticals, energy, food processing, and manufacturing.

Typical job roles in this field are Process Engineer (₹4-7 lakh pa), Research Scientist (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Environmental Engineer (₹5-8 lakh pa).


3. Civil Engineering

Civil engineering deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of infrastructure projects such as buildings, roads, bridges, and water supply systems. Civil engineers play a crucial role in shaping urban development.

Common job roles in civil engineering include Structural Engineer (₹4-7 lakh pa), Transportation Planner (₹5-9 lakh pa), and Project Manager (₹6-11 lakh pa).


4. Computer Engineering

Computer engineering combines electrical engineering with computer science to develop hardware components, software systems, and computing devices. Computer engineers work in diverse areas such as software development, computer architecture design, networking, and artificial intelligence.

Job roles in computer engineering include Software Developer (₹5-9 lakh pa), Network Engineer (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Embedded Systems Engineer (₹7-12 lakh pa).


5. Electrical/Electronic Engineering

Electrical engineering focuses on the design, development, testing, and maintenance of electrical systems and equipment. Electronic engineering specifically deals with electronic circuits and devices.

Job roles in this field include Power Systems Engineer (₹5-8 lakh pa), Electronics Design Engineer (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Control Systems Engineer (₹7-12 lakh pa).


6. Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineering combines the principles of engineering and biology to develop innovative healthcare solutions. Biomedical engineers work on medical devices, prosthetics, imaging systems, and rehabilitation equipment.

Typical job roles in this field are Biomaterials Engineer (₹5-9 lakh pa), Medical Equipment Designer (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Clinical Engineer (₹7-12 lakh pa).

7. Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering involves designing, manufacturing, and maintaining mechanical systems such as engines, machinery, and industrial equipment. Mechanical engineers work in various industries, including automotive, aerospace, energy, and manufacturing.

Common job roles in mechanical engineering are Product Design Engineer (₹4-8 lakh pa), Quality Assurance Engineer (₹5-9 lakh pa), and Manufacturing Engineer (₹6-11 lakh pa).


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8. Software Engineering

Software engineering focuses on the design, development, testing, and maintenance of software applications or systems. Software engineers use programming languages and tools to create efficient and user-friendly software solutions for different industries.

Job roles in software engineering include Full Stack Developer (₹5-9 lakh pa), DevOps Engineer (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Data Scientist (₹7-12 lakh pa).


9. Robotics

Robotics is an interdisciplinary field that involves designing robots for various applications such as manufacturing, healthcare assistance, exploration, and entertainment. Robotic engineers combine knowledge from computer science, mechanical engineering, electronics, and artificial intelligence.

Typical job roles in robotics are Robotics Engineer (₹6-10 lakh pa), Automation Specialist (₹5-9 lakh pa), and Robotic Process Automation Developer (₹7-12 lakh pa).


10. Environmental Engineering

Environmental engineering focuses on developing sustainable solutions to protect and improve the environment. Environmental engineers work on projects related to waste management, water treatment, air pollution control, and sustainable infrastructure development.

Job roles in this field include Sustainability Consultant (₹4-7 lakh pa), Environmental Analyst (₹5-8 lakh pa), and Water Resources Engineer (₹6-11 lakh pa).


11. Marine Engineering

Marine engineering deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of ships, offshore structures, and underwater systems. Marine engineers work in shipyards, ports, offshore platforms, and research institutions.

Common job roles in marine engineering include Naval Architect (₹5-8 lakh pa), Marine Surveyor (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Offshore Installation Manager (₹7-12 lakh pa).


12. Automotive Engineering

Automotive engineering involves designing and developing vehicles such as cars, motorcycles, trucks, and buses. Automotive engineers focus on areas like vehicle dynamics, safety systems, powertrain design, and fuel efficiency.

Job roles in automotive engineering include Vehicle Design Engineer (₹5-9 lakh pa), Automotive Test Engineer (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Production Planner (₹7-12 lakh pa).


13. Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear engineering deals with the harnessing of nuclear energy for various peaceful applications, such as power generation or medical diagnosis and treatment. Nuclear engineers work on designing reactors, improving safety measures, and managing nuclear waste.

Typical job roles in nuclear engineering are Radiation Protection Specialist (₹6-9 lakh pa), Reactor Operator (₹7-11 lakh pa), and Nuclear Safety Engineer (₹8-12 lakh pa).


14. Mining Engineering

Mining engineering involves the extraction of minerals and other valuable resources from the earth. Mining engineers work on planning, designing, and managing mining operations while ensuring safety and environmental sustainability.

Job roles in mining engineering include Mine Planning Engineer (₹5-8 lakh pa), Rock Mechanic Engineer (₹6-10 lakh pa), and Mineral Processing Engineer (₹7-12 lakh pa).


15. Sports Engineering

Sports engineering combines principles of engineering with sports science to improve athletic performance, equipment design, and sports infrastructure. Sports engineers work on projects related to sports equipment innovation, biomechanics analysis, and stadium design.

Common job roles in sports engineering include Sports Equipment Designer (₹4-7 lakh pa), Biomechanics Engineer (₹5-9 lakh pa), and Stadium Design Consultant (₹6-11 lakh pa).


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Engineering a Successful Career

As you embark on your engineering journey, remember the importance of continuous learning and upskilling to stay relevant in this ever-evolving field. Whether it's pursuing a certification programme or enrolling in a course, WiZR is here to help you navigate the vast options and choose the right path for your career growth.



1. Why is reskilling important in engineering?

Reskilling is crucial in engineering because technology and industry trends are constantly evolving. By updating your skills through reskilling programmes, you can stay competitive and adapt to new challenges and advancements in the field.

2. Which engineering field is most lucrative?

The field of computer engineering is currently one of the most lucrative, with high demand and attractive salary packages due to the rapid growth of technology-driven industries such as software development, cybersecurity, data analytics, and artificial intelligence.

3. What are the important entrance exams for engineering degrees?

In India, some important entrance exams for engineering degrees include JEE Main, BITSAT, VITEEE, SRMJEEE, WBJEE, etc.

4. Is a degree mandatory to pursue all engineering specialisations?

While a degree is generally preferred for most engineering specialisations, some technical certifications and vocational courses can also provide opportunities for pursuing certain engineering roles.

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