How to Become an Engineer in India, Salary, Job 2024 | WiZR

How to Become an Engineer in India: The Ultimate Guide

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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In today's rapidly evolving world, engineers play a vital role in shaping our future. From designing innovative technologies to building sustainable infrastructure, engineers are at the forefront of driving progress and making a positive impact on society.

If you've ever wondered how to become an engineer and embark on a rewarding career, you're in the right place. In this informative article on "How To Become An Engineer," we'll delve deeper into education options, specialisations, and upskilling opportunities to shape your career as an engineer.


Who is an Engineer?

Engineers play a critical role in shaping the world we live in. They are problem solvers, innovators, and creators who use their expertise to design, build, and maintain structures, systems, and technologies that improve our lives. From constructing bridges and roads to developing advanced software applications, engineers contribute to a wide range of fields.


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Skills required for engineers

  • Strong analytical thinking
  • Problem-solving abilities
  • Attention to detail
  • Creativity
  • Teamwork skills
  • Solid foundation in mathematics and science

How to Become an Engineer: Education Options

To become an engineer, you have several education options available. Let's take a look at the courses to choose from and the key exams to prepare for.

Pick the right degree

The most common degrees pursued by aspiring engineers are Bachelor of Engineering (BE) or Bachelor of Technology (BTech) programmes at the undergraduate level. These programmes provide students with a strong foundation in engineering principles.

Integrated programmes such as dual degree BE + MTech or BTech + MTech programmes allow students to earn both a bachelor's and master's degree within a five-year timeframe. 

Those looking to specialise further or pursue higher positions in academia or research roles can opt for Master of Engineering (ME) or Master of Technology (MTech) programmes.

Here's a comparison table of popular engineering programs in India:






4 years

10+2 with PCM

INR 40,000-1.5 lakhs


2 years


INR 50,000-2 lakhs

Integrate BE/BTech + ME/MTech

5 years

10+2 with PCM

INR 1.7 lakhs-14 lakhs

Key entrance exams

Entrance exams like the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main) and Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) are commonly required for admission into engineering programs.

JEE Main is primarily for undergraduate admissions, while GATE is for postgraduate admissions and also serves as a qualifying exam for various government jobs and research fellowships.

  • JEE Main Eligibility: 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics (PCM)
  • GATE Eligibility: Bachelor’s degree in Engineering/Technology or Master's degree in Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications

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Specialisations, Job Roles and Salaries

Engineering offers a wide range of specialisations that cater to various industries and technological domains. Let's take a look at some specialisations along with their respective job roles and salaries:

1. Mechanical Engineering:

  • Job Roles: Design Engineer, Production Engineer, Quality Assurance Manager
  • Salary Range: ₹4-10 lakhs per annum

2. Civil Engineering:

  • Job Roles: Structural Engineer, Construction Manager, Urban Planner
  • Salary Range: ₹3-9 lakhs per annum

3. Electrical Engineering:

  • Job Roles: Power Systems Engineer, Electronics Engineer, Control Systems Engineer
  • Salary Range: ₹4-12 lakhs per annum

4. Chemical Engineering:

  • Job Roles: Process Engineer, Research and Development Scientist, Production Manager
  • Salary Range: ₹5-15 lakhs per annum

5. Computer Science Engineering:

  • Job Roles: Software Engineer, Data Scientist, Web Developer
  • Salary Range: ₹4-18 lakhs per annum

6. Aerospace Engineering:

  • Job Roles: Aerospace Design Engineer, Flight Test Engineer, Maintenance Engineer
  • Salary Range: ₹6-20 lakhs per annum

It's important to note that job roles within each specialisation can vary depending on the industry and company size. For example, a mechanical engineer working in the automotive industry may focus on designing car parts, whereas a mechanical engineer in the energy sector may work on developing renewable energy systems. 

Don't limit yourself to just one specialisation; explore different options and find your passion within the vast field of engineering.

Upskilling Opportunities and Career Growth

As an engineer, continuous upskilling is essential to staying relevant and advancing your career. There are various upskilling opportunities available that can help you acquire new skills or specialise in a particular area of interest.

Short-term certification courses and specialised training programmes are excellent ways to enhance your knowledge and skills. Some popular certification courses include:

  • Project management certifications like PMP (Project Management Professional)
  • Six Sigma certifications for process improvement methodologies and programming languages such as Python or Java for software engineers
  • CAD/CAM certifications for mechanical engineers

On the other hand, if you're looking for more extensive education options, pursuing a Master's degree or Ph.D. can open doors to advanced research positions or teaching roles in academia.

Career growth in engineering is often dependent on factors such as experience level, domain expertise, leadership abilities, and professional networking. With the right skill set and a willingness to learn, engineers can progress from entry-level roles to managerial positions or even start their own businesses.

Here's a table outlining some career growth opportunities within different engineering specialisations:


Entry-Level Role

Mid-Level Role

Senior-Level Role

Mechanical Engineering

Design Engineer

Project Manager

Director of Engineering

Civil Engineering

Site Engineer

Construction Manager

Chief Engineer

Electrical Engineering

Electronics Engineer

Senior Systems Engineer

Head of Electrical Department

Chemical Engineering

Process Engineer

Research Scientist

Plant Manager

Computer Science Engineering

Software Developer

Technical Lead

Chief Technology Officer

Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace Design Engineer

Flight Test Engineer

Aerospace Programme Manager

Industry Growth and Job Potential

With advancements in technology and increasing demand for infrastructure development, the engineering industry is poised for continued growth in the coming years. Here are some upcoming trends and predictions:

  • Artificial Intelligence (AI): AI is revolutionising various sectors, including engineering. The integration of AI systems into engineering processes has led to increased efficiency and productivity.
  • Green Energy: With a growing focus on sustainability, there is a rising demand for engineers specialising in renewable energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): IoT refers to the interconnectivity of devices through the internet. Engineers skilled in IoT will play a vital role in developing smart cities, improving automation, and enhancing connectivity across various industries.

When it comes to job potential within each specialisation, some fields have higher demand compared to others. Here's a glimpse at the job prospects across different industries:

  • Software Engineering: With the boom in the IT industry, software engineers are highly sought after by companies ranging from startups to large corporations.
  • Mechanical Engineering: Industries such as automotive, aerospace, and manufacturing require skilled mechanical engineers to design and develop innovative products.
  • Civil Engineering: The construction industry fuels the demand for civil engineers who are involved in designing infrastructure projects like roads, bridges, and buildings.
  • Electrical Engineering: With advancements in the electronics and telecommunications sectors, electrical engineers have ample opportunities to work on cutting-edge technologies.

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Become an Engineer, Make Your Dreams A Reality

Remember, becoming an engineer is not just about acquiring knowledge; it's also about developing problem-solving skills, creativity, and adaptability. At WIZR, we understand the importance of upskilling for young professionals like you. With our flexible financing options, you can easily access these courses to advance your career as an engineer.



1. Which industries pay the highest for engineer jobs?

Engineering jobs in sectors such as petroleum, aerospace, information technology (IT), and chemical industries are known to offer some of the highest salaries in India.

2. Which engineer profile earns the highest?

While salaries vary depending on experience, location, and sector, profiles like petroleum engineers, data scientists/engineers, artificial intelligence (AI) engineers, and IT architects tend to earn higher than average salaries. 

3. Are engineering entrance exams hard to crack?

Engineering entrance exams like JEE Main or GATE can be challenging, but with proper preparation for at least 6 months, they can be cracked successfully.

4. Is work experience necessary for a career as an engineer?

Work experience is highly valued in the engineering field as it provides practical exposure and enhances employability. However, entry-level positions are available for fresh graduates as well.


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