GATE Full Form: Benefits, Eligibility, Exam and Career Opportunities Details

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
Table of Content

Are you a fresh graduate or a young professional looking to level up your career? The journey of growth and success begins with higher education. And when it comes to prestigious exams that can shape your career, one stands out: GATE.

In this article, we'll provide you with comprehensive information about GATE, including its full form, eligibility criteria, exam details, fees and format, career opportunities, and more.

GATE Full Form Explained

GATE stands for Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. It is a highly competitive examination conducted by the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs). The purpose of this exam is to assess the aptitude and technical knowledge of candidates seeking admission to postgraduate programmes in engineering, technology, architecture, and science.

GATE scores are widely accepted by various institutes across India for admissions into M.Tech., M.E., Ph.D., and other research programmes. Additionally, GATE-qualified candidates are also eligible for job opportunities in public sector undertakings (PSUs) and research organisations.

Benefits of GATE

The GATE exam offers several benefits to those who take it. Here are some advantages to appearing for the GATE exam:

  • Candidates can secure admission to leading institutes in India for M.E., M.Tech., and M.Sc. programmes. 
  • Many public sector undertakings (PSUs) in India recruit candidates based on their GATE scores.
  • GATE is helpful for students wishing to pursue research or a Ph.D.
  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) provides Junior Research Fellowships (JRF) to candidates who qualify for the GATE exam.
  • Opportunities to work with prestigious Navratna and Miniratna companies in India.

Eligibility Criteria for GATE

  1. Candidates must hold a Bachelor's degree in Engineering/Technology/Architecture or a Master's degree in any branch of Science/Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent. 
  2. There is no age limit to appear for the GATE exam.

GATE Exam Details

  • Dates: The GATE exam is typically held in February every year. It consists of multiple sessions spread across different days to accommodate a large number of candidates. The detailed schedule with session-wise dates and timings is released well in advance on the official website.
  • Exam Centres: GATE exams are conducted across various cities in India to ensure accessibility for candidates from different regions. Some popular exam centres include Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Bangalore, Hyderabad, and many more.
  • Exam Fees: The application fee for the GATE exam varies depending on the category of the candidate. For General/OBC candidates, the fee is ₹1500, while for SC/ST/PwD/Women candidates, it is ₹750. The fees can be paid online through net banking or debit/credit cards.

GATE Exam Format and Stages

The first stage of the GATE exam is conducted in a computer-based online format. It is a three-hour examination consisting of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) and numerical-answer type questions. The paper is divided into two sections: General Aptitude (GA) and the subject-specific section chosen by the candidate.

  • The General Aptitude section tests your English language proficiency, reasoning ability, and numerical skills. This section consists of 10 MCQs worth one mark each and 5 MCQs worth two marks each.
  • The subject-specific section focuses on testing your knowledge of your chosen discipline. This section contains 55 questions, with 85 marks in total. There are two types of questions: multiple-choice questions carrying one or two marks each, and numerical answer-type questions carrying one or two marks each.

The second stage is the candidate selection process, which includes shortlisting based on cutoff scores, followed by interviews or group discussions for certain programmes or job roles. The selection process varies for different institutes and organisations.

Education Opportunities through GATE

Qualifying for GATE opens up various educational opportunities for aspiring students. Several renowned Indian institutes offer postgraduate programmes based on GATE scores. Here are ten popular postgraduate programmes available to GATE qualifiers:

  • Master of Technology (M.Tech.)
  • Master of Engineering (M.E.)
  • Master of Architecture (M.Arch)
  • Master of Science (M.Sc.)
  • Master of Design (M.Des)
  • Master in Computer Applications (MCA)
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Management (PGDM)
  • Integrated Ph.D.
  • Dual Degree Programmes
  • Master's programmes abroad

GATE also paves the way for pursuing a Ph.D. or research-based careers in both academia and industry. Many research institutes, universities, and companies offer lucrative fellowships, scholarships, grants, and assistantships to GATE-qualified candidates who wish to pursue research.

Career Opportunities Through GATE

GATE-qualified candidates have a wide range of lucrative job opportunities in both the private and public sectors. Industries like engineering, research, consulting, public sector undertakings (PSUs), and more actively recruit GATE qualifiers.

Some of the job roles that GATE-qualified candidates can avail themselves of include:

  1. Research Scientist
  2. Design Engineer
  3. Project Manager
  4. Professor/Assistant Professor
  5. Data Analyst
  6. Software Developer
  7. Civil Engineer
  8. Electrical Engineer
  9. Mechanical Engineer
  10. Environmental Consultant

Salaries for these job roles vary depending on factors such as experience, industry, and location. On average, GATE-qualified professionals can expect salaries ranging from ₹6 lakhs to ₹15 lakhs per annum.

Your GATE-way to a Successful Future

By achieving a high score in GATE, you can unlock a world of opportunities and open doors to exceptional postgraduate programmes and lucrative job roles. Whether you aspire to pursue further studies or secure a rewarding position in the private or public sector, GATE can help you achieve your goals.

Remember, at WIZR, our experts are here to provide personalised advice and guidance on your career path. So, why wait? Start preparing for GATE today and unlock your true potential!


1. Are GATE scores accepted at international universities?

Yes, many international universities recognise the value of GATE scores and consider them for admission to postgraduate programmes. It's always advisable to check with specific institutions for their acceptance criteria.

2. When should I start preparing for GATE?

It is advisable to start preparing for GATE at least six months before the exam date to ensure comprehensive coverage of syllabus topics.

3. Is GATE mandatory to pursue engineering?

No, GATE is not mandatory for pursuing engineering. However, qualifying for GATE provides additional opportunities for specialisation and higher education prospects in engineering fields.

4. Can I apply for multiple specialisations in GATE?

Yes, you can apply for multiple specialisations as long as you meet the eligibility criteria specified by each discipline.

5. What is the validity of a GATE score?

The GATE score is valid for three years from the date of the announcement of results. Hence, you can utilise it for admissions and job opportunities during this period.

Key takeaways

Related articles

Explore Courses

Explore more topics