Accounting Interview Questions and Answers

Top 30 Accounting Interview Questions and Answers

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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Accounting and finance professionals work in various industries, helping organisations manage financial operations, analyse data, and make informed business decisions. Whether you aspire to work in banking, consulting, or corporate finance, here's a guide to the most-asked accounting and finance interview questions, along with sample answers, to help you prepare for that crucial interview.


1. What is the difference between accounting and finance?

Accounting focuses on recording, organising, and analysing financial information. Finance deals with managing and investing money to achieve financial goals.


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2. Can you explain double-entry bookkeeping?

Double-entry bookkeeping is a system that records every financial transaction with two entries—a debit and a credit—in different accounts to maintain balance.


3. How do you handle discrepancies in financial statements?

I would review all transactions, identify errors, make necessary adjustments, and ensure that the statements accurately represent the company's finances.


4. What are accruals and deferrals in accounting?

Accruals involve recognising revenues or expenses before cash is exchanged. Deferrals involve recognising revenues or expenses after cash is exchanged.


5. How do you calculate depreciation?

Depreciation calculates the decrease in value of an asset over its useful life using methods like straight-line or reducing balance.


6. How do you prepare a cash flow statement?

A cash flow statement shows the inflow and outflow of cash during a specific period by categorising activities into operating, investing, and financing.


7. Explain working capital.

Working capital represents a company's short-term liquidity and is calculated as current assets minus current liabilities.


8. How do you analyse financial ratios?

Financial ratios compare different elements of a company's financial statements to evaluate its performance, liquidity, profitability, etc.


9. What is the role of an audit in accounting?

An audit ensures that financial statements are accurate by examining records, transactions, internal controls, and compliance with regulations.

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10. Can you explain the concept of risk management in finance?

Risk management involves identifying potential risks that may impact an organisation's financial health and implementing strategies to mitigate them.


11. How do you stay updated with changes in accounting standards?

I regularly read professional publications, attend seminars and webinars, and participate in professional development programmes to stay updated.


12. Can you describe the process of budgeting?

Budgeting involves creating a financial plan for a specific period by estimating revenues and expenses and allocating resources to meet financial goals.


13. What is the role of financial analysis in decision-making?

Financial analysis provides insights into a company's financial health, helping management make informed decisions about investments, cost-cutting measures, etc.


14. How do you ensure compliance with tax regulations?

I stay updated with tax laws, maintain accurate records, and seek advice from tax professionals to ensure compliance and minimise tax liabilities.

15. Can you explain the concept of internal controls?

Internal controls are policies and procedures implemented by an organisation to safeguard assets, prevent fraud, and ensure accuracy in financial reporting.

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16. How do you handle confidential financial information?

I understand the importance of confidentiality and would strictly adhere to company policies regarding the handling of sensitive financial data.


17. Describe your experience with financial software or ERP systems.

I have experience working with various accounting software, such as QuickBooks or SAP, where I have performed tasks like recording transactions, generating reports, etc.


18. What steps would you take to improve cash flow for a struggling business?

I would analyse the current cash flow statement, identify areas for improvement, such as reducing expenses or increasing sales, and implement strategies accordingly.


19. Can you explain the concept of goodwill in accounting?

Goodwill represents the intangible value of a company's reputation or brand that is not reflected on its balance sheet unless acquired through acquisition.


20. How do you calculate return on investment (ROI)?

ROI is calculated by dividing net profit by the initial investment cost and expressing it as a percentage, indicating the profitability of an investment.


21. Can you describe the process of financial forecasting?

Financial forecasting involves estimating future financial performance based on historical data, market trends, and other relevant factors to aid in decision-making.


22. How do you conduct a financial statement analysis?

I would analyse financial statements by calculating ratios, comparing trends, and benchmarking against industry standards to gain insights into a company's financial health.


23. What are your strategies for minimising credit risk?

I would assess customers' creditworthiness, set credit limits, monitor receivables regularly, and establish an effective collection process to minimise credit risk.


24. Can you explain the concept of cost of capital?

The cost of capital is the weighted average cost of debt and equity financing used to fund investments and represents the minimum return required by investors.


25. Share your experience with managing budgets.

I have experience developing budgets, monitoring expenses, conducting variance analysis, and providing recommendations for cost-saving measures.


26. How do you assess liquidity ratios?

Liquidity ratios measure a company's ability to meet short-term obligations and include ratios like the current ratio or the quick ratio.


27. Describe your experience with financial statement audits.

I have participated in financial statement audits where I assisted in testing internal controls, analysing transactions, and preparing audit documentation.


28. Can you explain the concept of present value in finance?

Present value is the current worth of a future sum of money after accounting for interest or discounting it back from its future value.


29. Share your experience with managing accounts payable/receivable.

I have managed accounts payable by ensuring timely payments to vendors while optimising cash flow and accounts receivable by following up on customer payments.


30. Share your experience with cost accounting.

I have experience in cost accounting, where I analysed costs, prepared cost reports, calculated variances, and provided recommendations for cost control.


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Mastering Accounting and Finance Interview Questions

By familiarising yourself with the 30 accounting and finance interview questions and sample answers provided in this article, you can gain the confidence to tackle any interview scenario. Remember, continuous learning and upskilling are keys to success in this field. Reach out to the experts at WiZR today!



1. What skills are most required of accounting and finance professionals?

Accounting and finance professionals should possess strong analytical skills, attention to detail, proficiency in financial software, knowledge of tax laws and regulations, excellent communication skills, and ethical conduct.

2. What education qualifications are required to apply for accounting jobs?

A bachelor's degree in accounting or finance is generally required for entry-level positions. However, higher-level roles may require a master's degree or professional certification.

3. Is an MBA necessary for all accounting and finance-related jobs?

While an MBA can provide a competitive edge, it is not necessary for all roles. It depends on the specific job requirements and career goals.

4. When should I consider pursuing professional certifications in this field?

Professional certifications such as CPA (Certified Public Accountant) or CMA (Certified Management Accountant) can be pursued after gaining some experience in the field. They enhance your credibility and open up better career opportunities.

5. Who can help me choose the right upskilling programme or certification course?

Platforms like WiZR offer expert guidance on choosing the right upskilling programmes or certification courses tailored to your career goals, helping you take your accounting and finance career to the next level.

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