Career in Accounts: Check Types of Job, Salary, Duties and Career Growth

Career in Accounts: Check Types of Job, Salary, Duties and Career Growth

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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Are you a fresh graduate or a young professional looking for a promising career path in India's thriving economy? If so, consider a career in accounting, an evergreen field with tremendous demand across various industries.

The importance of accountants cannot be overstated, as they play a vital role in ensuring financial stability and growth for businesses of all sizes. In this article, we will take you through all the information you need to build a career in accounting, from education to job prospects.


Who is an Accountant?

An accountant plays a crucial role in any organisation by managing financial records, ensuring compliance with regulations, and providing valuable insights for decision-making. The job responsibilities of an accountant typically include preparing financial statements, analysing budgets, managing payroll, and conducting audits.

In India, there are various traditional roles within the field of accounting that offer promising career prospects.

  1. A Chartered Accountant (CA) is one such role that requires a comprehensive understanding of finance and taxation laws. To become a CA, you need to pursue the Chartered Accountancy course offered by the Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI).
  2. A Cost Accountant specialises in cost management and optimisation strategies. The Institute of Cost Management Accountants of India (ICMAI) offers the Cost Accounting course.
  3. Another traditional role is that of a Company Secretary (CS), who ensures legal compliance and corporate governance. To become a CS, you need to pursue the Company Secretaryship course offered by the Institute of Company Secretaries of India (ICSI).

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Niche Accounting Specialisations

Within the broader field of accounting, there are several niche specialisations that offer unique career paths and exciting opportunities for growth.

  1. Forensic Accounting involves investigating financial frauds and analysing complex financial data to support legal proceedings. Pursuing a certification course in Forensic Accounting can enhance your prospects.
  2. Tax consulting is another niche specialisation where professionals help individuals and organisations manage their tax obligations efficiently. Professional certifications like Certified Public Accountant (CPA) or Taxation courses can boost your career in this field.
  3. Internal Auditors play a critical role in assessing an organisation's internal control systems and identifying areas for improvement. They ensure compliance with regulations while minimising risks. Acquiring certifications like Certified Internal Auditor (CIA) can enhance your credibility as an Internal Auditor.

These niche specialisations offer unique career opportunities, with salaries ranging from ₹6-20 lakhs per annum depending on your expertise and experience level.


Salaries in Accounting

When it comes to salaries, the field of accounting offers competitive compensation packages. On average, accountants in India can earn anywhere between ₹3-5 lakhs per annum in entry-level positions. As you gain experience and climb up the corporate ladder, this figure can increase significantly. For instance, senior management roles such as Financial Controllers or Finance Managers can command salaries upwards of ₹15 lakhs per annum.

Let's take a closer look at some specific job roles in accounting along with their average annual salaries:

  1. Chartered Accountant: ₹7-10 lakhs per annum
  2. Cost Accountant: ₹3-6 lakhs per annum
  3. Company Secretary: ₹4-8 lakhs per annum
  4. Financial Analyst: ₹5-9 lakhs per annum
  5. Tax Consultant: ₹4-7 lakhs per annum
  6. Auditing Manager: ₹8-12 lakhs per annum
  7. Bookkeeper: ₹2.5 - 4 lakhs per annum
  8. Payroll Manager: ₹4-7 lakhs per annum
  9. Accounts Receivable Specialist: ₹3.5 - 6 lakhs per annum
  10. Financial Controller: ₹12-20 lakhs per annum

It's important to note that several factors can influence these salary ranges, including your educational qualifications, work experience, industry specialisation, and location.

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Emerging Trends in Accounting

Advancements in technology and evolving business landscapes have given rise to innovative roles within the accounting profession.

  1. Data Analysts leverage data analytics tools to analyse financial data, identify trends, and provide actionable insights for business decision-making. This emerging field requires proficiency in data analysis techniques, statistical modelling, and data visualisation tools.
  2. Financial Planners help individuals and organisations develop comprehensive financial plans to achieve their goals. They analyse financial situations, recommend investment strategies, and provide guidance on wealth management.
  3. Sustainability Accountants focus on integrating environmental and social factors into financial decision-making. They help organisations measure and report their environmental impact, assess sustainability risks, and identify cost-saving opportunities.

These emerging roles offer exciting career prospects, with salaries ranging from ₹6-15 lakhs per annum depending on your expertise and experience level.


Upskilling Opportunities for Accountants

To stay competitive in the accounting field and expand your career prospects, pursuing professional certification programmes can be a wise move. Some popular programmes include:

  1. Association of Chartered Certified Accountants (ACCA)
  2. Certified Management Accountant (CMA)
  3. Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA)

These certifications offer numerous benefits, including enhanced credibility, increased job opportunities, higher salary potential, and global recognition. The eligibility criteria vary for each programme but typically require a relevant degree or educational background.


Industry Demand and Job Potential

Accounting in E-commerce and Startups

As an accountant in the e-commerce industry, you would be responsible for managing financial transactions, analysing data to improve profitability, ensuring compliance with tax regulations, and optimising cost structures.

Additionally, startups and entrepreneurial ventures often require the expertise of accountants to navigate their financial operations effectively.

Government and Public Sector Accounting

Accountants are essential in government organisations at various levels—central ministries, state departments, and public sector units—to ensure transparent financial management. Working as an accountant in the government sector offers stability, job security, and opportunities for career growth.


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Your Accounting Journey Awaits

In conclusion, a career in accounting offers a multitude of opportunities for growth and success. As highlighted in this article, there is a high demand for skilled accountants across various industries, including e-commerce, startups, and government organisations.

Whether it's taxation, auditing, or financial analysis, there are ample options to explore. Embrace the importance of continuous learning and consider speaking to experts on WIZR for guidance on a range of certification programmes to equip yourself with industry-relevant skills.



1. Can accountants work independently?

Yes, accountants have the flexibility to work independently as freelance consultants or start their own accounting firms if they have the necessary experience and expertise.

2. Who earns more: a chartered accountant or a financial advisor?

The earning potential varies depending on factors such as experience, location, and clientele. Generally, chartered accountants tend to have higher earning potential due to their specialised knowledge and expertise.

3. Which industries offer the highest job potential for accountants?

Industries such as finance, banking, consulting, e-commerce, manufacturing, healthcare, and government organisations offer high job potential for accountants.

4. How can I determine which specialisation within accounting suits me best?

To determine the best specialisation within accounting for you, consider your interests and strengths. Research different specialisations like taxation or auditing and seek guidance from professionals in those fields.

5. What are some alternative career paths for accountants beyond accounting?

Some alternative career paths for accountants include financial analysis roles in investment firms or banks; management consulting; entrepreneurship, where you can start your own business; and teaching or academia in the field of accounting.

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