What is Mechanical Engineering? Skills, Education, Job Role, Salary, Career Path | WiZR

What is Mechanical Engineering: Skills, Education, and Career Options

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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If you've ever marvelled at the precision of a well-designed machine or wondered about the forces that make it work, then mechanical engineering might just be the field for you. In this article, we will delve into what mechanical engineering is all about and uncover the exciting career opportunities that await you in this dynamic field.

Whether you're considering pursuing an undergraduate degree or looking to enhance your Mechanical Engineering skills with certification courses or diplomas, there are plenty of options to suit your interests and goals.


What Is Mechanical Engineering?

Mechanical engineering is a branch of engineering that focuses on the design, analysis, manufacturing, and maintenance of mechanical systems. It plays a crucial role in various industries and is the backbone of technological advancements.

With mechanical engineering, you have the opportunity to shape the future by developing new technologies, improving efficiency, and solving complex problems. This field is highly interdisciplinary, combining principles from physics, mathematics, materials science, and more.


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Skills required in mechanical engineering

As a mechanical engineer, you will need a strong foundation in technical skills such as proficiency in CAD software and knowledge of thermodynamics, dynamics, and fluid mechanics. These skills are essential for designing and analysing mechanical systems.

In addition to technical expertise, problem-solving skills are crucial for mechanical engineers. You will often encounter challenges that require innovative solutions. Effective communication and teamwork abilities are also important, as you will work closely with colleagues from different disciplines on multidisciplinary projects.

Education Pathways in Mechanical Engineering

Undergraduate Education

To pursue a career in mechanical engineering at the undergraduate level, you need to complete your 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as core subjects.

The eligibility criteria may vary across universities; however, most institutions require qualifying entrance exams like JEE Main or state-level engineering entrance exams.

Several prestigious Indian universities offer quality undergraduate programmes in mechanical engineering. Some popular choices include Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs), National Institutes of Technology (NITs), Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS Pilani), Delhi Technological University (DTU), and Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT).

Postgraduate Education

Pursuing a master's degree or PhD in mechanical engineering can provide numerous benefits, such as career advancement opportunities and higher earning potential. It allows you to specialise in specific areas within the field.

At the postgraduate level, you can choose from various specialisations such as robotics, automotive engineering, aerospace engineering, and energy systems. These programmes delve deeper into your chosen area of expertise and equip you with advanced knowledge and skills.

Diplomas or short-term courses

Diploma programmes offer a shorter duration of study compared to undergraduate or postgraduate degrees. These courses focus on practical skills and can be an excellent option for enhancing your education in specific areas of mechanical engineering. Some popular diploma programmes include:

  • Diploma in Mechanical Engineering
  • Diploma in CAD/CAM Engineering
  • Diploma in Industrial Automation

Certification Courses for Skill Enhancement

Industry-relevant certification courses can enhance your skill set and make you more employable in the field of mechanical engineering. These programmes focus on specialised topics such as Finite Element Analysis (FEA), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Six Sigma, and Lean Manufacturing.

Here are some examples of certification courses related to different specialisations within mechanical engineering:

  • Certification in Robotics and Automation
  • Certification in Automotive Design
  • Certification in Renewable Energy Systems
  • Certification in Advanced Materials and Manufacturing Processes

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Career Opportunities in Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers are highly sought-after across diverse industries. Some prominent sectors where mechanical engineers play a crucial role include automotive, aerospace, energy, manufacturing, construction, and consulting.

  • In the automotive industry, mechanical engineers are involved in designing automobiles, developing new technologies for fuel efficiency and safety, and optimising production processes.
  • In the aerospace sector, they contribute to the design of aircraft components and propulsion systems.
  • The energy sector offers opportunities for mechanical engineers to work on renewable energy projects, thermal power plants, and oil refining industries.
  • In manufacturing companies, mechanical engineers are responsible for ensuring efficient production processes and quality control.

Salary Range and Job Market Outlook

The salary range for mechanical engineers varies depending on factors such as experience level, qualifications, and industry.

  • As an entry-level mechanical engineer, you can expect a salary ranging from ₹3-6 lakhs per annum.
  • With experience and expertise, mid-level mechanical engineers can earn around ₹8-12 lakhs per annum or more.
  • Senior mechanical engineers with significant experience can earn salaries upwards of ₹15 lakhs per annum.

The job market outlook for mechanical engineers in India is positive due to the country's industrial growth and technological advancements. As industries continue to evolve and innovate, the demand for skilled mechanical engineers is expected to rise.


Upskilling and Future-proofing Your Career

Continuous learning is essential for staying relevant and thriving in the field of mechanical engineering. With emerging technologies and evolving industry trends, it is crucial to update your skills to remain competitive in the job market.

Specialised areas within mechanical engineering are in high demand due to their potential for innovation and growth. Some examples include:

  • Additive manufacturing (3D printing)
  • Renewable energy systems
  • Automotive design
  • Robotics
  • Mechatronics

To specialise in these areas, you can opt for advanced courses that provide in-depth knowledge and practical skills. Some advanced courses related to specialised areas within mechanical engineering include:

  • Advanced Course in Additive Manufacturing
  • Advanced Course in Renewable Energy Systems Design
  • Advanced Course in Automotive Engineering
  • Advanced Course in Robotics and Automation

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Kickstart Your Career in Mechanical Engineering

Remember that passion, continuous learning, adaptability, and keeping up with industry trends are key factors for success in the field of mechanical engineering. If you're interested in exploring upskilling opportunities or have any questions, don't hesitate to reach out to experts on WIZR for guidance and support.



1. Do automotive engineers earn more than mining engineers?

Yes, automotive engineers tend to have higher earning potential compared to mining engineers due to the demand and complexity of their field.

2. Where can I find information about scholarships for studying mechanical engineering?

You can find information about scholarships for studying mechanical engineering on various scholarship portals, government websites, or by contacting universities directly.

3. Can I switch to mechanical engineering from another field?

Yes, it is possible to switch to mechanical engineering from another field through relevant academic programmes or certification courses that provide a foundation in the subject.

4. How long does it take to become a mechanical engineer?

To become a mechanical engineer, it typically takes four years for a bachelor's degree or two years for a master's degree if you already hold a bachelor's degree in a related field.

5. Is networking important for mechanical engineers?

Yes, networking is crucial for mechanical engineers as it helps build professional relationships, provides access to job opportunities, and facilitates knowledge sharing within the industry.

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