What is Electronic Engineering? Definition, Skills, Job, Salary and Career Path | WiZR

What is Electronic Engineering: Skills, Careers, and Salary and Job Role in India

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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If you're a fresh graduate or young professional looking for a rewarding career that combines innovation and technology, then electronic engineering might just be the field for you. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of electronic engineering, providing valuable insights into its definition, scope, skills required, and the exciting career opportunities it offers.


What is Electronic Engineering?

Electronic engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the design, development, and maintenance of electronic circuits and systems. It involves the study of electronic components, devices, and systems that are used in various industries such as telecommunications, consumer electronics, automotive, aerospace, and power generation.

Electronic engineers play a crucial role in the advancement of technology by creating innovative solutions for complex problems. They work on projects involving circuit design, programming microcontrollers, implementing embedded systems, and developing cutting-edge technologies.

Skills Required for Electronic Engineering

  • Technical Proficiency
  • Analytical Thinking
  • Collaboration and Communication Skills


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Career Opportunities in Electronic Engineering

Job Roles

  • Electronics Design Engineer: As an electronics design engineer, your responsibilities would include designing circuits, selecting components based on specifications, and testing prototypes to verify their functionality and performance.
  • Embedded Systems Engineer: Embedded systems engineers specialise in designing and developing embedded systems for various applications such as medical devices, robotics, automotive control systems, etc.

Industries Hiring Electronic Engineers

Electronic engineers have opportunities in diverse industries. Some of the industries actively hiring electronic engineers include:

  • Telecommunications
  • Consumer Electronics
  • Automotive
  • Aerospace
  • Power Generation


Job Market and Salary Potential

The job market for electronic engineers in India is promising due to the increasing dependence on technology across industries. As more companies embrace digital transformation, there is a growing demand for skilled electronic engineers.

The salary potential for electronic engineers varies based on factors such as experience level, specialisation, industry, and location.

  • Entry-level positions typically offer salaries ranging from ₹3-6 lakhs per annum.
  • With experience and specialisation in fields like embedded systems or telecommunications, salaries can range from ₹8-15 lakhs per annum or higher.

Major cities like Bengaluru, Pune, Hyderabad, Chennai, and Gurgaon are known for hosting numerous opportunities in the field of electronic engineering.


Education and Certification for Electronic Engineering

Undergraduate Degree Programmes

To pursue a career in electronic engineering or related fields, you can start by obtaining a bachelor's degree, such as a B.Tech. in Electronics Engineering or Electronics and Communication Engineering (ECE). These four-year undergraduate programmes provide a solid foundation in electronic engineering principles along with hands-on experience through lab work and projects.

Eligibility Criteria: 10+2 with a strong background in mathematics and science. Some institutions may also require you to appear for entrance exams like JEE Main or state-level engineering entrance exams.


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Postgraduate Degree Programmes

For those seeking advanced knowledge and specialisation, pursuing a master's degree in electronic engineering or related specialisations like VLSI Design, Digital Signal Processing, or Embedded Systems can enhance career prospects. These programmes offer in-depth theoretical knowledge and research opportunities.

Eligibility Criteria: Bachelor's degree in electronic engineering or a related field Additionally, some universities may require you to clear entrance exams such as GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering) or specific university-based tests.

Diplomas in Electronic Engineering

Diploma courses in electronic engineering are shorter-duration programmes that focus on practical skill development. These courses provide the specialised training and practical knowledge required for specific job roles.


Upskilling Opportunities and Certification Courses

To stay relevant in the field of electronic engineering, upskilling is essential. There are various certification courses available that can enhance your skills. For example:

  • Advanced Circuit Design: This certification course focuses on advanced circuit design techniques using industry-standard tools such as SPICE simulation, high-speed PCB design, and signal integrity analysis.
  • Internet of Things (IoT): With the growing importance of IoT, certification programmes focusing on IoT applications in electronic engineering can provide valuable skills for designing interconnected systems.

Comparison of Course Duration and Fees in Electronic Engineering:



Fees (Approx.)

B.Tech in Electronics Engg

4 years

₹5-15 lakhs

M.Tech in Electronic Engg

2 years

₹4-10 lakhs

Diploma in Electronic Engg

6 months - 1 year

₹50,000 - ₹2 lakhs

Advanced Circuit Design

3 months

₹30,000 - ₹1 lakh

IoT Certification Programme

2 months

₹20,000 - ₹80,000

Industry Trends and Growth in Electronic Engineering

Electronic engineering is constantly evolving due to advancements in technology. Two emerging technologies making a significant impact are Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Robotics.

Artificial Intelligence

AI has revolutionised electronic engineering by enabling the development of smart systems and automation. It plays a crucial role in fields like machine learning, data analysis, computer vision, and natural language processing.


Robotics combines electronics, mechanics, and computer science to create intelligent machines that can perform tasks autonomously or assist humans. This technology finds applications in manufacturing, healthcare, agriculture, space exploration, and more.


Demand for Electronics Engineers in India

With the rapid growth of technology-driven industries in India, there is an increasing demand for skilled electronics engineers. From consumer electronics to telecommunications, automotive to renewable energy sectors, all industries rely on electronic engineers to design and develop innovative solutions.

The government's initiatives like Digital India and Make in India have further boosted the demand for electronics engineers in the country. As technology continues to advance at a fast pace, the need for professionals who can adapt and contribute to these advancements is likely to grow even more.


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Navigating Your Path in Electronic Engineering

As you explore a career in electronic engineering, remember that continuous learning and upskilling are crucial for success in this dynamic field. Stay updated with emerging technologies like artificial intelligence and robotics, which are shaping the future of electronic engineering.

By seeking expert advice from platforms like WIZR, you can discover relevant certification courses and upskilling opportunities that will help you stay ahead of the curve.



1. Which countries have a high demand for electronic engineers?

Countries like the United States, Germany, China, Japan, and South Korea have a high demand for skilled electronic engineers due to their strong technology-driven industries.

2. Are there any specialised areas within electronic engineering that offer higher job prospects?

Yes! Specialisations such as telecommunications, embedded systems, power electronics, and semiconductor design offer excellent job prospects due to increased industry demand.

3. Can I pursue a career in electronic engineering without a formal degree?

While a formal degree is typically preferred by employers, there are alternative paths, such as vocational training programmes or online certification courses, that can provide you with the necessary skills to start a career in electronic engineering.

4. Where can I find information about job opportunities abroad in electronic engineering?

You can find information about job opportunities abroad through online job portals, professional networking platforms like LinkedIn, or by reaching out to recruitment agencies specialising in international placements.

5. Which companies pay the highest for electronic engineering jobs in India?

Companies such as Intel, Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), and Samsung offer competitive salaries for electronics engineers in India.

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