PAN Full Form

PAN Full Form: Permanent Account Number

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
Table of Content

In India's professional landscape, there is one acronym that holds immense significance: PAN. Whether you are a fresh graduate stepping into the world of work or a young professional looking to advance in your career, understanding the full form of PAN and its implications can open up numerous opportunities for you.


What is PAN Full Form?

The full form of PAN is Permanent Account Number. It is a unique ten-digit alphanumeric code assigned to individuals, companies, and entities by the Income Tax Department of India. PAN serves as a universal identification key for various financial transactions and is essential for tax purposes.


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History and Scope of PAN

The Permanent Account Number (PAN) was introduced by the Income Tax Department of India in 1972 as a means to track and control taxable economic transactions. Initially, PAN was primarily used for taxation purposes. However, over time, its scope has expanded to cover various financial transactions such as opening bank accounts, buying property, investing in securities, filing income tax returns, and more.


Uses of PAN

  1. Income Tax Returns: PAN is mandatory for filing income tax returns in India.
  2. Bank Accounts: A PAN card is required when opening a new bank account.
  3. Property: To purchase or sell immovable properties above a certain threshold value, PAN needs to be quoted.
  4. Loans: Banks often require valid PAN details while processing loan applications.
  5. Investment: To invest in shares, mutual funds, or other securities, individuals need to have a valid PAN card.
  6. Government Subsidies: Many government subsidy schemes require linking Aadhaar with PAN.
  7. Mobile Phone Connections: New mobile phone connections now require the submission of a valid PAN card.
  8. Foreign Exchange Transactions: Certain foreign exchange transactions require furnishing details of the individual's PAN card.
  9. Insurance Policies: For high-value insurance policies or policies linked to investment instruments, quoting your PAN number is mandatory.
  10. Vehicle Purchases: When purchasing a four-wheeler vehicle, providing PAN details is necessary.

Types of PAN

  1. Individual PAN: For Indian citizens, including minors and students above 10 years old.
  2. HUF PAN: For Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) that wish to have separate tax identities.
  3. Company PAN: For registered companies, whether public or private.
  4. Partnership Firm/LLP PAN: For partnerships or limited liability partnerships.
  5. Trust/Association/Charitable Institution/Artificial Judicial Person's PAN: For trusts, associations, charitable institutions, etc.
  6. Government Agency PAN: For government departments and agencies.
  7. Local Authority PAN: For local governing bodies like municipalities or panchayats.
  8. Foreign Citizen/NRI PAN: For foreign individuals and Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) who conduct financial transactions in India.
  9. AOP/BOI PAN: For associations of persons (AOP) or body of individuals (BOI).
  10. TDS/TCS PAN: For entities responsible for Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) or Tax Collected at Source (TCS)

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Application Process for PAN


  1. Visit the NSDL or UTIITSL portals.
  2. Fill out the online application form with accurate details.
  3. Select the appropriate category and submit supporting documents.
  4. Pay the required fee using net banking, a debit card, or a credit card.
  5. After successful payment, note down the acknowledgment number for future reference.
  6. Print and sign the acknowledgment form.
  7. Send the signed form along with the necessary documents to the specified address within 15 days.


  1. Visit a designated PAN centre or TIN facilitation centre.
  2. Collect Form 49A and fill it out with accurate details.
  3. Attach supporting documents as per the requirements listed on the form.
  4. Submit the completed application form along with the necessary documents to the centre's representative.
  5. Pay the prescribed fee in cash or demand draft, if applicable.
  6. Collect an acknowledgment receipt containing your acknowledgment number.

Required Documents for PAN Application

  1. For Proof of Identity: Any one of these documents - Aadhaar card, voter ID, passport, driver's licence, or ration card.
  2. For Proof of Address: Any one of these documents - Aadhaar card, voter ID, passport, driver's licence, electricity bill, or bank statement.
  3. For Proof of Date of Birth: Any one of these documents - birth certificate, school leaving certificate, passport, or matriculation certificate.
  4. Passport Size Photographs: Two recent colour photographs with a white background.
  5. For HUF/Company/Partnership Firm/Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): Additional supporting documents such as registration certificates or partnership deeds may be required.
  6. Non-Resident Indians (NRIs): NRIs need to submit a copy of their foreign citizenship or residency proof along with other supporting documents.

Contents of a PAN Card

  1. Name of the cardholder.
  2. Unique ten-digit alphanumeric PAN number.
  3. Date of birth or incorporation.
  4. Signature or thumb impression.
  5. Photograph for individuals.
  6. QR code for easy verification.

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PAN Full Form: Understanding the Significance

By obtaining your own PAN card, you can enhance your credibility, simplify tax processes, and broaden your financial options. Seek expert guidance from WiZR to navigate the application process and reap the benefits of having a PAN card. You can also speak to our experts for guidance on finance-related courses and programmes.



1. Is it mandatory to link a PAN card with other ID proofs?

Yes, it is mandatory to link your PAN card with other ID proofs such as Aadhaar, bank accounts, and mobile numbers for certain financial transactions and government schemes.

2. Can I use my Aadhaar card instead of a PAN card for ID proof?

While Aadhaar can be used as ID proof for many purposes, a PAN card is still required for specific financial transactions, such as filing income tax returns or opening a demat account.

3. How can I update the information on my PAN card?

To update your PAN card information, visit the NSDL or UTIITSL portals online or apply offline at designated centers. Fill out the relevant form and submit the necessary documents to make the desired changes.

4. What can I do if I lose my PAN card?

In case of a lost or damaged PAN card, you can apply for a duplicate card online or offline by filling out the required forms and providing supporting documents.

5. Do I need a PAN card for educational purposes?

While a PAN card might not be directly necessary for educational purposes, it can be valuable when applying for scholarships, loans, or internships that require financial documentation.

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