Maharashtra Public Service Commission (MPSC)

MPSC Full Form: Maharashtra Public Service Commission

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
Table of Content

The Indian bureaucracy, the backbone of the nation's administrative system, draws its talent from a rigorous selection process through various Public Service Commissions (PSCs) across states. Amongst these, the Maharashtra Public Service Commission (MPSC) stands tall, holding the key to coveted civil service positions within the state government.

MPSC Full Form:

As the name suggests, MPSC stands for Maharashtra Public Service Commission. Established under Article 315 of the Indian Constitution, it operates as an independent constitutional body responsible for recruiting suitable candidates for various Group A and Group B posts within the state's administrative machinery.

What is MPSC Meaning?

Beyond the acronym, the true meaning of MPSC lies in its mission – to identify and select individuals of exceptional merit, integrity, and dedication to serve the people of Maharashtra. Every aspiring civil servant who embarks on the MPSC journey aims to become a part of this prestigious institution, contributing to the development and efficient governance of the state.

MPSC Full Form Overview:



Full Form

Maharashtra Public Service Commission




State of Maharashtra


Mumbai, Maharashtra


Recruitment of civil servants for Group A and Group B posts


Established under Article 315 of the Indian Constitution


MPSC Rajyaseva, MPSC Combined, MPSC Group C, and various departmental recruitment exams

Key Functions

Conducting exams, setting eligibility criteria, preparing syllabuses, evaluating candidates, recommending appointments, advising state government on recruitment and personnel matters


Chairman, Members, Secretariat, Regional and Sub-regional Offices

Eligibility Criteria

Indian nationality, Maharashtra domicile, age requirements, specific educational qualifications, physical fitness

Exam Pattern

Varies depending on exam, generally includes: Preliminary Exam (objective-type), Main Exam (descriptive-type), Interview


Defined for each exam, focusing on General Studies, Optional Subjects, and service-specific areas

Also read - UPSC Full Form: A Comprehensive Guide to UPSC Exams

History of MPSC:

The MPSC traces its roots back to 1950, established under the Bombay Reorganisation Act as part of the bifurcation of the Bombay Presidency. Since then, the Commission has evolved, adapting to changing administrative needs and societal demands while upholding its core mission of selecting exemplary individuals for public service.

MPSC Functions:

The MPSC encompasses a wide range of functions, including:

  • Conducting examinations for various civil service posts within the state government.
  • Setting eligibility criteria and defining exam patterns for different positions.
  • Preparing and revising syllabuses for various recruitment exams.
  • Evaluating candidates through written examinations, interviews, and personality tests.
  • Recommending shortlisted candidates to the relevant departments for appointment.
  • Advising the state government on matters related to public service recruitment and personnel management.

Structure of MPSC:

The MPSC operates through a well-defined structure, comprising:

  • Chairman: Heads the Commission and oversees its overall functioning.
  • Members: A team of experts from diverse fields assist the Chairman in various decision-making processes.
  • Secretariat: Provides administrative support to the Commission and facilitates its smooth operation.
  • Regional and Sub-regional Offices: Ensure efficient examination conduct and outreach across the state.

MPSC Full Form- Eligibility:

Aspiring candidates pursuing the MPSC dream must meet specific eligibility criteria, including:

  • Nationality: Indian Citizen or a subject of Nepal, Bhutan, or Sikkim.
  • Domicile: Resident of Maharashtra for a specified period.
  • Age: Varies depending on the exam and category.
  • Educational Qualification: Graduation from a recognized university in the relevant field.
  • Physical Fitness: Meeting the stipulated physical standards for specific posts.

Unlock your superpowers with
a bunch of exciting games!

Discover your traits and strengths

Start Playing

MPSC Full Form- Exam Pattern:

The MPSC conducts various examinations with unique patterns, but generally they encompass:

  • Preliminary Exam: Objective-type tests focusing on General Knowledge, Current Affairs, Reasoning, and Aptitude.
  • Main Exam: Descriptive-type papers testing subjects relevant to the chosen service, including essay writing, language skills, and specialized knowledge.
  • Interview: A personality assessment round evaluating communication skills, leadership qualities, and suitability for the chosen service.

MPSC Full Form- Syllabus:

The MPSC prescribes detailed syllabuses for each examination, outlining the specific topics and areas of focus within General Studies, optional subjects, and relevant service fields. These syllabuses help candidates strategize their preparation and focus on the required knowledge base.


The MPSC full form represents more than just an acronym; it embodies a pathway to public service, an opportunity to contribute to the progress and well-being of Maharashtra. Understanding the MPSC's meaning, functions, structure, and the intricacies of its recruitment process empowers aspiring civil servants to navigate their journey with clarity and purpose. So, as you embark on this challenging yet rewarding path, remember that the MPSC full form not only signifies qualification but also marks the beginning of a meaningful journey of service to the people of Maharashtra.


1. What is the qualification for MPSC?

To take the MPSC exam, you need to:

  • Be an Indian citizen or a subject of Nepal, Bhutan, or Sikkim.
  • Be a resident of Maharashtra for a specified period.
  • Be aged between 18 and 33 years (varies depending on the exam and category).
  • Hold a graduate degree from a recognized university in the relevant field.
  • Meet the physical fitness standards for specific posts.

2. Which job comes under MPSC?

The MPSC conducts exams for various Group A and Group B posts across the Maharashtra government. Some of the jobs include:

  • Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP)
  • Assistant Commissioner of State Tax (ACST)
  • Assistant Conservator of Forests (ACF)
  • Divisional Forest Officer (DFO)
  • Assistant Collector
  • Sub-Inspector of Police (SI)
  • Other Group B Services

3. What is the salary of MPSC?

The starting salary for MPSC officers varies based on the service and cadre. For instance, the starting salary for an IAS officer in Maharashtra is around INR 56,100 per month, with regular promotions and increments throughout their career.

4. Can I join MPSC after 12th?

No, you cannot directly join the MPSC after 12th. Eligibility requires a graduate degree from a recognized university in the relevant field.

5. What is MPSC age limit?

The age limit for MPSC exams varies by post and category. For general categories, the upper age limit is usually 33 years, with relaxations for SC/ST and OBC candidates.

6. Who is the highest post in MPSC?

The highest post in the MPSC hierarchy is the Chief Secretary of Maharashtra. This position leads the entire state bureaucracy and advises the Chief Minister on administrative matters.

Key takeaways

Related articles

Explore Courses

Explore more topics