ISRO Full Form: International Space Research Organisation Details

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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Welcome to an exciting journey through the world of space exploration and innovation! In this article, we will dive deep into the realm of ISRO, unlocking its full form and delving into the vast array of career opportunities it offers. Whether you're a fresh graduate or a young professional seeking new horizons, understanding ISRO's significance and exploring its achievements can open doors to a thrilling career in India's space industry.

ISRO, the Indian Space Research Organisation, holds a special place in the hearts of every Indian. By decoding its full form, we gain valuable insights into its mission and vision. So let's embark on this enlightening expedition together!


What is ISRO Full Form?

The full form of ISRO is the Indian Space Research Organisation. It is an esteemed organisation that plays a pivotal role in India's space exploration endeavours. With its remarkable achievements and groundbreaking missions, ISRO has become a symbol of national pride and technological advancement. The opportunities within ISRO are vast, offering exciting career prospects for young professionals like you who aspire to be a part of India's space research journey.


Tracing the Journey: The History of ISRO

ISRO was established in 1969 with the vision to harness space technology for national development and scientific research. Since its inception, it has achieved several significant milestones that have put India on the global map of space exploration.

From launching satellites into orbit to successfully sending missions to the moon and Mars, ISRO has consistently pushed boundaries in its pursuit of technological excellence.

Some of the notable missions include Chandrayaan-1, India's first lunar mission, which discovered water molecules on the moon, and Mangalyaan, also known as the Mars Orbiter Mission, which made India the first Asian country to reach Mars on its maiden attempt. These missions have not only showcased India's technical prowess but have also paved the way for future space exploration.


Launchpads to Success: ISRO Operations Centres

ISRO operates through multiple centres across India that specialise in various aspects of space research and technology development. Some important centres include:

  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC): Located in Thiruvananthapuram, VSSC focuses on developing rocket technologies.
  • Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC-SHAR): Situated in Sriharikota, SDSC-SHAR serves as a launch site for satellites.
  • Indian Institute of Remote Sensing (IIRS): Based in Dehradun, IIRS specialises in remote sensing and GIS applications.
  • Space Applications Centre (SAC): Located in Ahmedabad, SAC is responsible for developing satellite technology and applications.
  • Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre (LPSC): Situated in Thiruvananthapuram, LPSC develops liquid propulsion systems.

Reaching for the Stars: Notable Achievements

ISRO has achieved numerous milestones in space exploration that have garnered international acclaim. Here are five notable achievements:

  • Chandrayaan-2: ISRO's ambitious mission to land a rover on the moon showcased India's advanced technological capabilities.
  • Mars Orbiter Mission: Mangalyaan's successful insertion into Mars orbit put India among an elite group of nations to reach the Red Planet.
  • Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV): The reliable PSLV has been instrumental in launching satellites for India and other countries.
  • Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS): The navigation system developed by ISRO provides precise positioning services within India and neighbouring regions.
  • GSLV-Mk III: This launch vehicle has the capability to carry heavier payloads, expanding India's scope for space exploration.
  • Cartosat series: ISRO's Cartosat satellites have played a crucial role in Earth observation and mapping applications, aiding urban planning, disaster management, and agricultural development.

These achievements have not only bolstered India's scientific reputation but have also contributed to advancements in communication, navigation, disaster management, and weather forecasting.

ISRO's Trailblazing Plans for the Future

ISRO has an ambitious roadmap ahead, with several planned missions and initiatives. Some of these include:

  • Gaganyaan: ISRO aims to send astronauts into space by 2022 through its first crewed mission.
  • Aditya-L1: A solar mission that will study the sun's corona from a close distance
  • Chandrayaan-3: A follow-up mission to Chandrayaan-2, focusing on lunar exploration and enhancing scientific knowledge
  • Venus mission: ISRO intends to explore Venus by launching a dedicated spacecraft.
  • Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV): The RLV-TD programme aims to develop a reusable launch vehicle to reduce the cost of space missions.


Carving Your Path: Job Opportunities at ISRO

To be a part of ISRO, you can apply for various job roles that cater to different skill sets and qualifications. Some of the roles available at ISRO include:

  • Scientists/Engineers: Involved in the research, design, and development of spacecraft, rockets, and related technologies.
  • Technicians: Responsible for the testing, assembly, and maintenance of launch vehicles and satellites.
  • Data Scientists: Analyse satellite data for applications such as climate modelling, disaster management, and agriculture.
  • Remote Sensing Specialists: Utilise satellite imagery for mapping land use, environmental monitoring, and resource management.
  • Communication Engineers: Design and develop communication systems for satellites and ground stations.

The salaries at ISRO vary based on job roles and experience levels. As an entry-level scientist/engineer, you can expect a salary starting at ₹6 lakhs per annum. With experience and higher positions, salaries can range from ₹10 lakhs to ₹24 lakhs per annum. Here are the average salaries for some job roles:

  • Technician: ₹20,000 - ₹25,000 per month
  • Scientist/Engineer: ₹60,000 - ₹80,000 per month
  • Technical Assistant: ₹30,000 - ₹40,000 per month
  • Administrative Officer: ₹50,000 - ₹70,000 per month
  • Research Fellow: ₹25,000 - ₹35,000 per month


Unleashing the Potential of ISRO

In conclusion, exploring the vast potential of ISRO can be an exciting journey for young professionals like you. The achievements and future plans of ISRO make it a compelling career choice, offering opportunities to contribute to India's space exploration and research. Remember that continuous upskilling and reskilling through certification courses can enhance your chances of securing jobs in these fields. Don't hesitate to reach out to the experts at WiZR, who can guide you towards the right courses and help you navigate your path to success.



1. What are some other prestigious organisations similar to ISRO in India?

Besides ISRO, other prestigious organisations involved in space research in India include DRDO, BARC, SAC, and NAL.

2. How can I prepare myself for a career at ISRO?

To prepare yourself for a career at ISRO, focus on acquiring technical skills such as aerospace engineering, remote sensing, satellite communication, and data analysis. Additionally, gain practical experience through internships or research projects.

3. Are there any specific educational qualifications required to work at ISRO?

Yes, most job positions at ISRO require a bachelor's degree in engineering or technology in fields like mechanical engineering, electronics and communication engineering, computer science engineering, aerospace engineering, etc.

4. Can foreigners apply for job positions at ISRO?

Currently, only Indian citizens are eligible to apply for job positions at ISRO.

5. Do all job positions at ISRO involve technical or scientific expertise?

While technical and scientific expertise is crucial for many roles at ISRO, such as engineers and scientists, non-technical roles like administration also exist within the organisation.

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