How to Become a Veterinary Doctor in India 2024

How to Become a Veterinary Doctor in India

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
Table of Content

From healing sick animals to ensuring the well-being of our beloved pets, veterinary doctors play an important role in our society. If you're interested in learning the steps on how to become a veterinary doctor in India, then this article is for you.


Who is a Veterinary Doctor?

A veterinary doctor, commonly known as a vet, is a medical professional who specialises in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases and injuries in animals. They play a crucial role in ensuring the health and well-being of animals by providing medical care, performing surgeries, conducting vaccinations, and advising animal owners on preventive measures.

Veterinary doctors have the opportunity to specialise in various areas, such as:

  1. Small animal medicine
  2. Large animal medicine
  3. Exotic animal medicine
  4. Wildlife conservation
  5. Research and academia
  6. Public health
  7. Food safety

Skills Required to Be a Veterinary Doctor

  1. Medical Knowledge: A strong understanding of animal anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and surgical techniques is essential.
  2. Diagnostic Skills: The ability to accurately diagnose illnesses through physical examinations, laboratory tests, imaging techniques (such as X-rays or ultrasounds), and other diagnostic tools.
  3. Surgical Skills: Proficiency in performing surgeries ranging from routine procedures like spaying or neutering to complex surgeries like tumour removals or orthopaedic repairs.
  4. Emergency Care: The ability to handle urgent medical situations promptly and effectively.
  5. Preventive Medicine: Knowledge of vaccination schedules and preventive measures for common diseases.
  6. Client Management: The capability to communicate effectively and compassionately with pet owners, understanding their concerns, and providing guidance on animal care.
  7. Empathy: The ability to understand and respond to the emotional needs of both animals and their owners.
  8. Communication: Effective communication skills to explain procedures, diagnoses, and treatment plans clearly to pet owners.
  9. Problem-Solving: The capacity to analyse complex situations, make quick decisions, and implement appropriate treatment plans. 
  10. Attention to Detail: A meticulous approach is required for accurate diagnosis and treatment administration.

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Education Path for Aspiring Veterinary Doctors

To become a veterinary doctor in India, you need to follow a specific education path that includes obtaining a Bachelor's degree in Veterinary Science (BVSc) or Animal Husbandry (AH).

Here is a step-by-step guide:

  1. Clear your 12th standard examinations with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology, and English as core subjects. 
  2. Prepare for and clear entrance exams such as NEET-UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test - Undergraduate) or state-level veterinary entrance exams conducted by various universities.
  3. Pursue a BVSc or AH degree from a recognised veterinary college. The duration of the programme is typically five years, including one year of mandatory internship.
  4. After completing your degree, register with the State Veterinary Council or the Veterinary Council of India (VCI) to practice as a veterinary doctor.

Diplomas in Veterinary Science

  1. Diploma in Veterinary Nursing
  2. Diploma in Laboratory Animal Science
  3. Diploma in Wildlife Medicine
  4. Diploma in Animal Welfare Science
  5. Diploma in Public Health

Job Roles and Career Growth

The demand for veterinary doctors is steadily increasing in India as pet ownership rises and awareness about animal welfare grows. Apart from working in private clinics, veterinary doctors can explore various job roles across different sectors, such as:

  1. Clinical Veterinarian: Working in private or government-owned veterinary clinics, hospitals, or animal care centres.
  2. Research Scientist: Contributing to biomedical research or conducting studies on animal diseases.
  3. Public Health Veterinarian: Ensuring the safety of food products derived from animals and preventing the spread of zoonotic diseases.
  4. Wildlife Veterinarian: Providing medical care to wild animals in national parks, sanctuaries, or zoological gardens.
  5. Livestock Development Officer: Promoting animal health and productivity in livestock farms and rural areas.

Career growth opportunities for veterinary doctors include becoming a senior veterinarian, starting your clinic/hospital, pursuing postgraduate specialisations like a Master's degree (MVSc) or Ph.D., or joining academia as a professor or researcher.


Salary Prospects for Veterinary Doctors

The salary levels for veterinary doctors vary based on factors such as experience, specialisation, location, and type of employment.

  1. Fresh graduates can expect an average starting salary ranging from ₹4-₹9 lakhs per year in private clinics/hospitals. With experience and expertise, the salary can range from ₹10 to ₹25 lakh per year.
  2. In government organisations like the Animal Husbandry Department or Veterinary Hospitals, salaries may start at around ₹4.8 lakh per year, with additional benefits like housing allowances.

Factors affecting salaries

  1. More experience generally leads to higher pay.
  2. Specialising in fields such as exotic animal medicine or public health can increase earning potential.
  3. Metropolitan cities tend to offer higher salaries compared to smaller towns or rural areas.
  4. Self-employed veterinarians may have varied income levels depending on the success of their practice.

Upskilling and Reskilling Opportunities

To stay ahead in your veterinary career, explore the veterinary courses after 12th. Upskilling refers to acquiring additional skills and knowledge related to your field, while reskilling involves learning new skills for a different role or specialisation.

Upskilling Opportunities

  1. Advanced Surgical Techniques
  2. Diagnostic Imaging (Radiology, Ultrasonography)
  3. Dentistry in Veterinary Medicine
  4. Behavioural Psychology in Animal Care

Reskilling Opportunities

  1. Wildlife Conservation and Management
  2. Laboratory Animal Research and Welfare
  3. Public Health and Epidemiology
  4. Exotic Animal Medicine

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Kickstart Your Career as a Veterinary Doctor

Becoming a veterinary doctor is a rewarding and fulfilling career choice that offers numerous opportunities for growth and impact. Platforms like WiZR can provide expert guidance and financing options to support your professional development. So take the first step towards becoming a veterinary doctor and embark on an exciting career dedicated to animal care.



1. Which upskilling certifications are helpful for veterinary doctors?

Consider certifications in areas like veterinary surgery, clinical pathology, animal nutrition, veterinary radiology, or veterinary public health to further enhance your skill set.

2. How many years does it take to become a veterinary doctor?

It takes approximately five years to complete a bachelor's degree in veterinary science.

3. Which cities have a higher demand for veterinary doctors?

Metropolitan cities like Delhi, Mumbai, and Bengaluru have higher demand due to increased pet ownership and better infrastructure.

4. Are there any scholarships or financial aid available for upskilling programmes?

Yes, many organisations offer scholarships for aspiring veterinarians. Additionally, platforms like WiZR facilitate financing options for upskilling programmes.

5. Is NEET mandatory to pursue veterinary science?

No, the NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) is not mandatory for pursuing a bachelor's degree in veterinary science. Admissions are based on entrance exams specific to veterinary colleges.

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