How to Become a Lawyer: Career Guide, Courses, Eligibility, Entrance Exams, After 12th, Job, Salary

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
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Becoming a lawyer in India can be a challenging yet rewarding career path, and you might be wondering how to get started. As someone who has recently graduated or is looking for a career change, the legal profession could offer you exciting opportunities to grow and make an impact in society.

In this article, you'll find a step-by-step guide on how to become a lawyer in India, along with upskilling opportunities, all designed to help you choose your path towards becoming a successful lawyer in India.

Roles and Opportunities as a Lawyer

Lawyers play an essential role in upholding the rule of law, ensuring justice and fairness prevail, and protecting the rights of individuals and businesses alike. Whether it's criminal law, civil law, corporate law, or intellectual property law that piques your interest, there are many specialisations within the field to choose from.

If you're considering becoming a lawyer in India, there are a variety of job roles you can pursue.

  1. Criminal Law: Deals with crimes committed by individuals
  2. Civil Law: Deals with disputes between individuals or organisations
  3. Corporate Law: Deals with legal aspects of business operations
  4. Intellectual Property Law: Deals with protecting proprietary rights

Specialisations within each type of law

Within each type of law mentioned above, there are several specialisations that lawyers can pursue. For example, in criminal law, one can specialise in cybercrime, while in civil law, one can specialise in family law.

Here's a list of different specialisations along with their brief descriptions:

  • Cybercrime: Dealing with online fraud and cybercrime
  • Family Law: A specialisation that deals primarily with family-related issues
  • Labour Law: This involves dealing primarily with employee-employer disputes.
  • Environmental Law: Protecting the environment against exploitation

Education and Certification Options for a Lawyer

There are several educational paths you can take to become a lawyer in India. The most popular option is to earn an LLB degree, which takes three years to complete.

Alternatively, you can opt for an integrated BA+LLB programme, which takes five years to complete and combines a bachelor's degree with law studies.

Fee structure for different law courses offered in India:


Approximate Fees (INR)


30,000 - 2 lakhs

Integrated BA+LLB

1 lakh - 5 lakhs


40,000 - 4 lakhs

Once you've received your degree (or before), you may want to consider earning additional certifications.

Popular Certification Courses:

Certification Course


Fees (approx.)

Corporate Law Certification

6 months


Cyber Law Certification

6 months


Intellectual Property Rights Certification

6 months


Skills Required to Be a Lawyer

Becoming a successful lawyer in India requires many skills beyond legal knowledge. You must be an excellent communicator and negotiator capable of building and maintaining relationships with clients. Additionally, lawyers should be analytical thinkers able to see multiple perspectives on issues.

Other essential skills required include:

  • Attention to detail
  • Ability to manage time effectively
  • Excellent research skills
  • Strong ethics

To succeed as a lawyer in India or anywhere else, you must be willing to work long hours and possess a strong sense of resilience. Also, it's important to keep up-to-date with new legal trends and developments in the industry.

Salary and Job Potential of a Lawyer

As a lawyer in India, there is excellent earning potential. Entry-level lawyers can earn around ₹3-6 lakh per annum. With experience, salaries can rise to ₹10-15 lakh per annum.

There are several routes to promotion within the legal field. For example, lawyers may become partners in their firms or choose to seek higher positions such as judges or legal advisors for government agencies.

The growth potential for lawyers is high as India continues to develop its economy. The country is home to many multinational corporations that require experienced lawyers to navigate the complex regulatory landscape.

Career paths for lawyers

Below are some entry-level positions and promotions available within the legal profession:

  • Legal Intern
  • Associate Lawyer
  • Partner Lawyer
  • Judges
  • Legal Advisor

Upskilling Opportunities for a Lawyer

Upskilling is essential when it comes to succeeding as a lawyer in India. The legal industry is ever-changing, and staying up-to-date with new trends can help secure better job opportunities and salary packages.

It's important to note that certification courses are designed explicitly for working professionals who want to enhance their skills while working full-time jobs. These programmes offer flexible schedules and modules that allow students to effectively balance their studies with other commitments.

At WiZR, we offer professional guidance and financing options to help young professionals like you make informed decisions about your career.

Choose Your Path

Congratulations on taking the first step towards becoming a lawyer in India! We hope this guide has provided you with valuable insights and helped you understand the various job roles, educational requirements, certification options, skills, salary prospects, and upskilling opportunities available in the legal field. Here are some key takeaways:

  • There are different types of law to specialise in, such as criminal, civil, corporate, and intellectual property law.
  • You can choose from various educational routes to become a lawyer, including an LLB degree, an integrated BA+LLB programme, and an LLM degree.
  • The legal field in India offers excellent career growth opportunities with attractive remuneration packages for experienced lawyers.
  • To succeed as a lawyer in India, you need strong analytical and communication skills, along with an eye for detail.

At WiZR, we offer professional guidance and financing options to help young professionals like you make informed decisions about your career. Speak to our experts to explore more opportunities!



1. What is Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)?

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is an all-India entrance exam conducted for candidates seeking admissions into undergraduate and postgraduate programs in law courses offered by various national law universities in India.

2. Is CLAT mandatory to pursue a career in law?

While CLAT is one of the most popular exams for admission into top-tier law schools in India, there are other entrance exams available as well. Additionally, certain colleges may have their own admission criteria.

3. How do I apply for a private law firm job?

You can apply directly through the firm's website or reach out to their HR department with your resume and cover letter. Networking events such as legal seminars and conferences can also offer opportunities to connect with potential employers.

4. What is the procedure to join the judiciary?

To become a judge in India's judiciary system, you must clear qualifying exams conducted by state public service commissions or the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Eligibility requirements, such as age and educational qualifications, vary by state.

5. Can a law student intern at the Supreme Court?

Yes, law students can apply for internships at the Supreme Court of India. The application process involves submitting a cover letter, resume, and recommendation letters to the Registrar of the Supreme Court.

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