BSc Agriculture: A Complete Course and Career Guide

BSc Agriculture: A Complete Course and Career Guide

published on
Jul 2, 2024
4 Min REad
Table of Content

Are you ready to explore the world of agriculture, where the green fields and fertile lands hold the promise of a bright future? Look no further than a Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) in Agriculture. With the growing importance of agriculture in India, pursuing a career in this field can open up numerous opportunities for you.

In this article, we will delve into everything you need to know about pursuing a B.Sc. in Agriculture, from eligibility criteria and the admission process to the course syllabus and job prospects.


What is a B.Sc. in Agriculture?

The B.Sc. in Agriculture is a 4-year undergraduate course that focuses on the study of agriculture, agricultural science, and modern farming techniques. This course equips students with theoretical knowledge and practical B.Sc. Agriculture skills to address the challenges facing the agricultural sector.


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Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for a B.Sc. in Agriculture, you need to fulfil certain criteria. You should have completed Class 12 in Science with PCM/B (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, and Biology) subjects with a minimum aggregate of 50%. Some universities may also require you to have studied English as a compulsory subject.

Additionally, some institutes conduct their own entrance exams for admission to B.Sc. Agriculture programs. It is important to check the specific requirements of each university or college before applying.


Admission Process and Entrance Exams

The admission process for a B.Sc. in Agriculture typically involves the following steps:

  1. Application: Fill out the application form of the respective college or university either online or offline.
  2. Entrance Exams: Some institutes may require you to appear for entrance exams such as ICAR AIEEA, CG PAT, MHT CET, AGRICET, KCET, UPCATET, etc.
  3. Merit List: Institutes release merit lists based on entrance exam scores or Class 12 marks.
  4. Counselling: Shortlisted candidates are called for counselling sessions where they can choose their preferred college based on their rank and availability of seats.
  5. Document Verification: After seat allocation, candidates need to submit their documents for verification purposes.

Popular Entrance Exams

There are several entrance exams conducted at the national and state levels for admission to B.Sc. Agriculture programs. Some prominent exams include:

  1. ICAR AIEEA: Conducted by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), this exam is highly competitive and offers admission to prestigious agricultural universities.
  2. State-Level Exams: Each state may have its own entrance exams, such as CG PAT in Chhattisgarh, MHT CET in Maharashtra, AGRICET in Andhra Pradesh, KCET in Karnataka, UPCATET in Uttar Pradesh, etc.

Preparing for these exams requires a strong foundation in subjects like physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics. It is important to study from relevant textbooks and solve previous years' question papers to get familiar with the exam pattern.

B.Sc. in Agriculture: Syllabus

The B.Sc. Agriculture course is divided into 8 semesters, with each semester focusing on specific subjects related to agriculture and its applications. Here is a breakdown of the syllabus:

1st Semester:

  1. Basic science and humanities
  2. Rural Sociology and the Constitution of India
  3. Comprehension and communication skills in English
  4. Plant Biochemistry

2nd Semester:

  1. Agricultural Economics
  2. Agricultural finance and cooperation
  3. Principles of agricultural economics
  4. Trade and prices

3rd Semester:

  1. Agricultural engineering
  2. Farm power and machinery
  3. Energy sources and their application in agriculture
  4. Protected cultivation structures and agro-processing

4th Semester:

  1. Agricultural entomology
  2. General Entomology
  3. Crop pests and their management
  4. Sericulture

5th Semester:

  1. Agricultural extension education
  2. Extension methodologies for the transfer of agricultural technologies
  3. Dimensions of agricultural extension
  4. Entrepreneurship development and communication skills

6th Semester:

  1. Agricultural Microbiology
  2. Microbiology Soil microbiology Agriculture Microbiology

7th Semester:

  1. Agricultural Statistics
  2. Fundamentals of statistics

8th Semester:

  1. Agronomy
  2. Introductory Agriculture, principles of agronomy, and agricultural meteorology
  3. Practical crop production I
  4. Practical Crop Production II
  5. Horticulture

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Career Opportunities and Job Scope

Upon completing a B.Sc. in Agriculture, you can explore a wide range of career opportunities in various sectors. Some popular job roles for B.Sc. Agri graduates include:

  1. Agricultural Officer
  2. Plantation Manager
  3. Agricultural Research Scientist
  4. Soil Scientist
  5. Farm Manager
  6. Agricultural Inspector
  7. Food Inspector/Evaluator

These job roles are not limited to any specific industry, as agriculture is an essential part of the economy. You can find employment opportunities in government organisations such as the Agriculture Department, the Food Corporation of India, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, etc.


Industry Growth and Salary Potential

The agriculture industry is witnessing significant growth due to technological advancements and an increasing demand for sustainable farming practices. With a B.Sc. in Agriculture degree, you can expect competitive salaries depending on your role and experience.

The average salary for B.Sc. Agri graduates varies depending on the job role:



Agricultural Officer


Plantation Manager


Agricultural Research Scientist


Soil Scientist


Farm Manager


Agricultural Inspector


Food Inspector/Evaluator

 INR 2-4 LPA

Upskilling and Reskilling Opportunities

If you wish to further specialise in the field of agriculture or pursue higher positions in research or academia after completing your B.Sc. in Agriculture, you can opt for postgraduate courses such as an MSc in Agriculture or specialised fields like Agricultural Economics or Plant Pathology. 

By pursuing higher education through upskilling or reskilling, you gain an in-depth understanding of specific areas within agriculture and enhance your career prospects. It opens doors to positions in research institutes, universities, and government organisations.


Certification Courses and Skill Development

Continuous learning and upskilling are crucial in the dynamic field of agriculture. There are several certification courses available that can enhance your skills and knowledge in specific areas such as organic farming, precision agriculture, agricultural marketing, or agribusiness management. These courses help you stay updated with the latest industry trends and practices while expanding your professional network.


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1. Can I pursue a B.Sc. in Agriculture without science in Class XII?

No. It is essential to have studied science subjects (PCM/B) in Class XII to be eligible for admission to B.Sc. Agriculture programmes.

2. Which entrance exams are the toughest for admission into a top agricultural college?

Some prominent entrance exams, like the ICAR AIEEA and state-level exams such as MHT CET and KCET, are known for their rigorous selection processes and high competition.

3. Which companies hire B.Sc. in Agriculture graduates?

B.Sc. Agriculture graduates are sought after by companies like ITC Limited, Mahindra & Mahindra, Bayer CropScience, HDFC Bank, and various government organizations like NABARD and FCI.

4. What alternate jobs can I pursue after a B.Sc. in Agriculture?

Besides traditional agricultural roles, B.Sc. Agri graduates can explore opportunities as agricultural consultants, agronomists, food technologists, farm managers, or even opt for higher education or entrepreneurship.

5. Which specialisation in agriculture has the best future prospects?

Specialisations like Agricultural Economics, Horticulture Technology Management, Plant Breeding and Genetics, and Agricultural Engineering have promising career prospects due to the growing need for sustainable farming practices and agricultural innovations.

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